Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the body’s ability to convert sugar into energy. This occurs when the pancreas is no longer able to produce insulin, or when the body cannot make proper use of the insulin produced.
Sugar (glucose) levels build up in the blood when pancreas is not able to produce insulin or to use it effectively.
There are different types of diabetes but the three main types are:
- Type 1 Diabetes
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Gestational Diabetes
Type-2 Diabetes is the fifth leading cause of death worldwide, and a major contributor to development of coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease and end-stage renal failure. The International Diabetes Federation reports that the number of people with T2D will rise from 382 million to 592 million between 2013 and 2035.